MTP Kit or Medical Termination of Pregnancy kit is an abortion kit that is used for the termination of early pregnancy in women. This kit comes in the form of a combi pack consisting of two medications, namely Mifepristone 200 mg and Misoprostol 200 mcg. A single tablet of Mifepristone is intended to be taken orally. The 4 tablets of Misoprostol 200 mcg are meant to be taken buccally (by placing 2 tablets on either side of the cheek pouch). Misoprostol is recommended to be taken 24-36 hours after the administration of Mifepristone. These medications are used in combination with each other to stop the pregnancy from growing and expel the pregnancy tissue from the uterus. The process of abortion gets completed within 72 hours. Take the medication as prescribed and follow up with your doctor after two weeks.
How does the MTP Kit work?
MTP Kit consists of a single tablet of Mifepristone 200 mg and four tablets of Misoprostol 200 mcg. Mifepristone is an antiprogestational steroid that works by blocking the effects of progesterone and causes the pregnancy to stop progressing. On the other hand, Misoprostol is a prostaglandin that loosens the fetal tissue and the uterine lining. The uterus contracts and the cervix dilates within a few hours. Misoprostol increases uterine contractions so that the pregnancy tissue can be expelled out easily. Severe bleeding and cramping are experienced during this process.
Who should not take the MTP Kit?
MTP Kit may not be suitable for you if it has been more than 10 weeks (or 70 days) since your last menstrual period of if:
- You have an ectopic pregnancy (pregnancy outside the uterus).
- You take corticosteroid medications.
- If you have problems with adrenal glands.
- If you are allergic to Mifepristone, Misoprostol, or any other medications.
- If you take blood thinners.
- If you have inherited porphyria.
- If you have an intrauterine device (IUD) in place.
Following Up with the Doctor
Your doctor may ask you to follow-up 1 to 3 weeks after the abortion.
- A physical examination may be performed to check the cervix and the uterus.
- Your doctor will perform an ultrasound to confirm that the uterus is empty.
- A lab test to check for a low hCG level – indicating that the pregnancy has ended.
- A blood test may be done to check for anemia.
Your doctor may discuss potential birth control options. If birth control measures were started after the abortion procedure, you can discuss how birth control is working for you.